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Frequent Vomiting in Cats: Causes Treatment and Prevention

Frequent vomiting in cats is not uncommon and can be caused by a range of factors. When your cat is vomiting frequently, it can be a sign of an underlying medical issue that needs attention.

In this article, we will explore the causes of frequent vomiting in cats, what to do if your cat is vomiting frequently, and the available treatments.

Causes of Frequent Vomiting in Cats

Eating Too Fast

Eating too fast can cause a cat to vomit immediately after eating. This can result from a number of reasons, including anxiety or the presence of other pets at mealtime.

To prevent this, try feeding your cat in a separate room, using food puzzles or slow-feeders, or smaller meals throughout the day.

Food Allergies

Food allergies can cause vomiting in cats. These allergies can develop over time, and common allergens include wheat, corn, and soy.

The best way to avoid this is to switch to allergen-free food. Some cat foods include non-allergenic ingredients such as lamb and rice.


Toxins, including antifreeze, human medication, household cleaners, pesticides, and certain house plants can cause frequent vomiting in cats. If you suspect your cat has been poisoned, take them to the veterinarian immediately.

Symptoms of poisoning may also include lethargy, diarrhea, seizures, and difficulty breathing.

Feline Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Feline inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used to describe a group of diseases that affect the cat’s intestinal tract. Symptoms of IBD can include vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss.

A veterinarian will need to diagnose the condition and may start the cat on a specialized diet or medications to manage the condition.


Pancreatitis is a condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and an unwillingness to drink water or eat. This condition can be triggered by a high-fat diet or if your cat consumes food that is high in fat.

Treatment often includes medication, a special diet, and fluid therapy.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a degenerative disease that causes damage to the kidneys, leading to vomiting, lethargy, diarrhea, weight loss, and increased water consumption. Treatment includes a low-protein diet and medications to control symptoms.


Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot properly regulate blood sugar levels. Symptoms can include vomiting, increased thirst, hunger, urination, weight loss, and muscle weakness.

Treatment may involve insulin injections, a low-carbohydrate diet, and avoiding food high in sugar.


Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid gland condition that can cause vomiting, increased appetite, weight loss, irritability, and diarrhea. Treatment includes medication and sometimes surgery.


Hairballs are a common cause of vomiting in cats.

Hairballs form when a cat grooms and ingests their fur.

The fur can accumulate in the stomach, causing vomiting or even bowel obstruction, which may require surgery. To prevent hairballs, brush your cat regularly, use hairball prevention food, or add fiber to their meals.

What to Do If Your Cat Is Vomiting Frequently

Veterinary Exam

If your cat is vomiting frequently, you should take them to the veterinarian for a thorough exam. The veterinarian will conduct a thorough history, looking at current and past diet, eating habits, and exposure to chemicals.

They will also look at your cat’s behavior. This information can help them diagnose what is causing the vomiting.

Diagnostic Tests

The veterinarian may recommend diagnostic tests, including laboratory blood tests, urine panels, fecal tests, x-rays, or ultrasounds. These tests can help the vet identify what is causing the frequent vomiting.

Treatment for Frequent Vomiting

The treatment for frequent vomiting depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, simple changes in diet can be enough to resolve the issue.

In other cases, medication may be required. For kidney disease, blood pressure medication may be prescribed to control symptoms.

Surgery may also be necessary for hairball bowel obstruction.


The prognosis for frequent vomiting varies depending on the cause and individual circumstances. A simple change in diet may resolve the issue while other conditions may require a more aggressive treatment approach.

In conclusion, frequent vomiting in cats can be caused by a wide range of factors, from eating too fast to more serious underlying medical conditions. If your cat is vomiting frequently, take them to the vet for a thorough exam and diagnostic testing.

Treatment options may include changes in diet, medication, or surgery. The prognosis for frequent vomiting will depend on the underlying cause and individual circumstances.

Preventing frequent vomiting in cats is essential for their health and well-being. The following are some strategies you can adopt to reduce the likelihood of your cat vomiting.

Feeding Habits

Feeding your cat small but frequent meals may prevent them from overeating and vomiting afterward. A plate instead of a bowl may also help your cat feed more slowly, reducing the risk of vomiting.

An automatic feeder can also be a helpful tool. It releases food in small portions, giving your cat enough time to eat and digest the food.

Food Allergies

Food allergies can cause frequent vomiting in cats, and identifying the allergens is essential in preventing recurrence. When shopping for food, scrutinize the ingredient list on the packaging to ensure that the food doesn’t contain allergens like corn, soy, or wheat.

Also, avoid feeding your cat dairy products, as some cats are lactose intolerant, which can result in vomiting or diarrhea.

Poison Prevention

One of the ways to prevent poisoning in cats is to remove any hazardous materials from their environment. Keep poisonous substances like detergents, cleaning agents, human medication, and household chemicals out of reach or behind locked doors.

Be vigilant about checking antifreeze spills, as it is toxic to cats and can be fatal. Seek medical attention right away if your cat accidentally ingests toxic substances, as early treatment is vital to their survival.

Hairball Prevention

Hairballs are a common cause of frequent vomiting in cats, and to prevent them, regular grooming is essential. Brushing your cat regularly removes any loose hair and prevents it from being ingested, which can form hairballs in the stomach.

Invest in a high-quality cat brush that gets rid of all loose hair, making your cat’s coat shiny and lustrous. Feed your cat hairball-reducing food, which contains ingredients that aid in digestion, and ensure they drink plenty of water.

Preventive Measures: A Holistic Approach

Preventing frequent vomiting in cats requires a holistic approach. It involves making changes to your cat’s environment and feeding habits and closely observing their behavior.

Observe your cat for unusual behaviors, including eating strange objects or ingesting fur, which could cause bowel obstruction or poisoning. Take your cat to the vet for regular check-ups, as they can diagnose and identify any underlying conditions that may cause vomiting.

In conclusion, preventing frequent vomiting in cats requires that cat owners make thoughtful changes to their cat’s feeding patterns, grooming habits, and living environments. Food allergies, hairballs, toxic substances, and eating too fast are common culprits.

Through making simple changes like dividing the feeding portion into smaller meals, investing in a high-quality cat brush, choosing food without allergens, and removing hazardous materials from the environment, cat owners may provide their cats with a happy and healthy life. Take time to observe your cat’s behavior, and if they start vomiting persistently, seek vet attention and diagnose the root cause for effective treatment.

In summary, frequent vomiting in cats is a common problem that can have numerous causes, ranging from food allergies to serious medical conditions. Identifying the underlying issue is instrumental in effectively treating the problem.

Cat owners can take preventative measures to reduce the likelihood of their cats vomiting regularly. Grooming, regular vet check-ups, monitoring of eating habits, and preventing poisoning are all steps owners can take to prevent vomiting.

Regular check-ups, dietary changes, and medication can successfully treat frequent vomiting, allowing cats to live healthy, happy lives. Taking the necessary steps to maintain cat health can prevent long-term illness, and the best way to do this is through taking notice of symptoms and getting professional care sooner rather than later.

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