Happy Silly Cat

Cats’ Teeth Discolored? What You Need to Know and How to Treat Them

Discolored teeth in cats can be a serious problem that affects their overall health and well-being. There are two types of discoloration in cats: intrinsic and extrinsic.

Intrinsic discoloration occurs when the tooth becomes discolored from within, while extrinsic discoloration occurs when the tooth is stained from the outside. Both types of discoloration can have different causes and require different treatment methods.

Intrinsic Discoloration

Intrinsic discoloration occurs when a tooth becomes discolored from within. This can be caused by trauma or injury to the tooth, leading to localized red blood cell destruction.

Systemic infections and certain medications can also lead to intrinsic discoloration. Exposure to fluorine, a mineral found naturally in water and soil, can lead to intrinsic discoloration.

Lastly, genetics can also cause intrinsic discoloration, as seen in cases of amelogenesis imperfecta or dentinogenesis imperfecta.

Extrinsic Discoloration

Extrinsic discoloration occurs when the tooth is stained from the outside. The most common causes of extrinsic discoloration include bacterial stains, foods, bleeding gums, dental restorative materials, medications, and metal.

Cleaning your cat’s teeth regularly can help prevent extrinsic discoloration.

Symptoms of Discolored Teeth

The symptoms of discolored teeth in cats can vary depending on the cause of the discoloration. Intrinsic discoloration can cause abnormal coloration of the tooth, while fractures and pitted enamel can also occur.

In cases of amelogenesis imperfecta or dentinogenesis imperfecta, there may be rings or lines of discoloration on the teeth. Extrinsic discoloration can cause staining on the surface of the tooth.

Causes of Discolored Teeth

Discolored teeth in cats can be caused by several factors. Trauma can cause intrinsic discoloration, while infections and certain medications can cause both intrinsic and extrinsic discoloration.

Exposure to fluorine can also cause intrinsic discoloration. Poor oral hygiene and a diet high in staining foods can cause extrinsic discoloration.

Genetic disorders can also cause intrinsic discoloration, as mentioned above.

Diagnosis of Discolored Teeth

Diagnosing discolored teeth in cats requires a combination of history, blood tests, and an oral exam. A chemical blood profile, complete blood count, and urinalysis can be helpful in diagnosing any systemic infections that may be causing the discoloration.

An oral exam using x-rays and bacterial stain identification can help determine the cause of the discoloration. Pulp determination and tooth extraction may be required in severe cases.

Preventing Discolored Teeth

Preventing discolored teeth in cats is possible by maintaining their oral hygiene. Regular brushing can help prevent the buildup of bacteria and plaque, which can cause extrinsic discoloration.

Feeding your cat a balanced and healthy diet can also help prevent staining from certain foods. Lastly, avoiding exposure to fluorine can also help prevent intrinsic discoloration.

In conclusion, discolored teeth in cats can be caused by many factors and require proper diagnosis and treatment from a veterinarian. Maintaining your cat’s oral hygiene and feeding them a healthy diet can help prevent extrinsic discoloration.

Genetic disorders causing intrinsic discoloration may be unavoidable, but recognizing and treating the issue can help prevent further damage to your cat’s teeth. If you notice any discoloration or abnormalities in your cat’s teeth, consult with a veterinarian immediately.

Treatment of discolored teeth in cats will vary depending on the cause of the discoloration. Intrinsic discoloration often requires more extensive treatment than extrinsic discoloration.

Treatment options for both types of discoloration may include endodontic treatment, crowns, and veneers.

Intrinsic Discoloration Treatment

Intrinsic discoloration can be difficult to treat, as the discoloration occurs from within the tooth. In severe cases, endodontic treatment may be required.

This involves removing the pulp from the tooth and filling it with a special material. This treatment can be expensive, but it can save the affected tooth from extraction.

Another option for treating intrinsic discoloration is the application of crowns or veneers. Both of these options require the removal of some of the tooth’s enamel, and the placement of a custom-fitted dental restoration over the tooth.

Crowns are more extensive and cover the entire tooth, while veneers are a thin shell placed over the front of the tooth. These options can be expensive and may require multiple appointments.

Extrinsic Discoloration Treatment

Extrinsic discoloration is often easier to treat than intrinsic discoloration. The most common treatment option for extrinsic discoloration is bleaching.

Bleaching involves the application of a chemical solution to the tooth to remove surface stains. This treatment can be done at home using a special kit, or in-office by a veterinarian.

However, bleaching may not be effective for all cases of extrinsic discoloration. Veneers and crowns are also a treatment option for extrinsic discoloration.

These restorations can cover any remaining stains and provide a more aesthetically pleasing appearance. However, as previously mentioned, these treatments require the removal of some of the tooth’s enamel.

Living and Management

After treatment for discolored teeth, it is important to maintain proper oral hygiene to prevent further discoloration. This includes regular brushing and professional cleanings to prevent the buildup of plaque and calculus.

Additionally, owners should take steps to prevent tooth fractures, as this can cause further discoloration. Owners should also avoid medications that can cause tooth discoloration, such as certain antibiotics.

Owners should also pay attention to their cat’s diet, avoiding foods that can cause staining. Proper attention should also be given to the treated tooth to ensure it remains healthy.

Regular dental exams should be scheduled with a veterinarian to check for signs of infection or decay. In conclusion, discolored teeth in cats can be treated depending on the cause and severity of the discoloration.

Treatment options for intrinsic discoloration may include endodontic treatment, crowns, and veneers, while extrinsic discoloration can be treated with bleaching, veneers, or crowns. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, avoiding damaging medications, and paying attention to your cat’s diet can help prevent further discoloration.

Lastly, regular dental exams are important to ensure the treated tooth remains healthy. Discolored teeth in cats can be caused by various factors, including genetics, trauma, diet, medications, and poor oral hygiene.

Effective treatment options depend on the cause of the discoloration and may include endodontic treatment, crowns, veneers, and bleaching. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, avoiding damaging medications, and regular dental exams are crucial in preventing further discoloration and ensuring the treated tooth remains healthy.

With proper care and attention, owners can help their cats maintain healthy and bright smiles.

Popular Posts